Please add below bibliography you like to share. Use links when needed.


The Beginnings of a Butoh Bibliography
Compiled by Alissa Cardone (May 2005)

  • Viala, Jean. Butoh: Shades of Darkness. Edited by Nourit Masson-Sekine. Japan:Shufunotomo Co., Ltd., 1988.
  • Fraleigh, Sondra Horton. Dancing into Darkness, Butoh, Zen, and Japan.Pennsylvania: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1999.
  • Klein, Susan Blakely. Ankoku Buto, the Premodern and Postmodern Influenceson the Dance of Utter Darkness. New York: Cornell University East Asia Series, 1988.
  • Kasai, Chakashi and Kasai, Akira. Danse Double. Japan: unknown, 1993.
  • Roels, Jetty, ed. Images of Corporeality, traces of Butoh in Flanders. Belgium:Vlaams centrum van het International Theater Instituut, n.d.
  • Sumi, Yoichi, Maeda, Fujio, Morishita, Takashi, and Yanai, Yasuhiro, eds. TheIconology of Rose-Colored Dance, Reconstructing Tatsumi Hijikata. Japan: KeioUniversity, 2000.
  • Roquet, Paul. Towards the Bowels of the Earth, Butoh Writing in Perspective.Diss. Pomona College, 2003.
  • Aperture Masters of Photography. Eiko Hosoe. Hong Kong: ApertureFoundation, 1999.
  • Author and title in Japanese. [Tatusmi Hijikata?]. Japan: Research Center for theArts & Arts Administration Keio University, 1998.
  • Kuzí, More Pod. The Sea Inside the Skin, Min Tanaka. Czechoslovakia: Torst,
  • n.d.
  • Yushi-Sha. Hijikata Tatsumi: Three Decades of Butoh Experiment. Japan:Hijikata Tatsumi Memorial Archive, Asbestos-Kan, 1993.
  • Munroe, Alexandra, ed. Scream Against the Sky, Japanese Art After 1945. NewYork: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., The Yokohama Musuem of Art, Japan Foundation,Guggenheim Musuem and San Franscisco Musuem of Modern Art, in assoc., 1994.
  • Kurihara, Nanako, ed. Hijikata Tatsumi The Words of Butoh. TDR: T165, Vol.44 #1 Spring 2000, MIT Press.

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Replies to This Discussion

Holborn, Mark and Ethan Hoffman. Butoh: Dance of the Dark Soul. Aperture, Oct 1987.

ps - thanks so much for starting this list -- fantastic resource


Please pardon the shameless self-promotion, but please allow me to add some entries to this including that of my newly released book.



 Bruce Baird, Hijikata Tatsumi and Butoh: Dancing in a Pool of Gray Grits. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Press, 2012.

This is also available on the,, and

   Articles or Book Chapters


 Bruce Baird, “Embraced by the (Spot) Light: Ôno Kazuo and the Postmodernism of Butô and Admiring La Argentina.” Edited by Glenn Adamson et al. Postmodernism: Style and Subversion 1970-1990. Victoria and Albert Museum, 2011, pp. 208-211.


 Bruce Baird, “Butô: Dance of Difference.” In A Processive Turn:  The Video Aesthetics of Edin Vélez.  Edited by Jorge Daniel Veneciano. Rutgers, NJ: Paul Robison Galleries, 2007, pp. 42-49.


 Bruce Baird, “Opposites Attract and then Alter Each Other: Edin Vélez’s Dance of Darkness and Butô.” In A Processive Turn:  The Video Aesthetics of Edin Vélez.  Edited by Jorge Daniel Veneciano. Rutgers, NJ: Paul Robison Galleries, 2007, pp. 50-67.


 Bruce Baird, “Structureless in Structure: the Choreographic Tectonics in Hijikata Tatsumi’s Butô.” In Modern Japanese Theater and Performance. Edited by David Jortner, et al. Lanham MD: Lexington Books, 2006, pp. 93-108.  Peer Reviewed.


 Bruce Baird, “Metaphorical Miscegenation in Memoirs: the Literary Activities of Hijikata Tatsumi.” In Hermeneutical Strategies: Methods of Interpretation in the Study of Japanese Literature. PAJLS vol. 5 (Summer 2004): 369-385.


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